Myazedi Pagoda, Mya Zedi Paya
First half of the 12th century
Prince Yazakumar, son of King Kyanzittha
Myinkaba village, East of Bagan - Chauk road between old Bagan and new Bagan
Gubyaukgyi (Myinkaba), Mingalazedi pagoda, Manuha temple
Myazedi Pagoda, Large 12th century gilded stupa where the Myazedi stone inscription was found
The Myazedi pagoda is a gilded stupa sitting on a number of square receding tiers, located in Myinkaba village South of old Bagan.
The Myazedi was built during the first half of the 12th century by Prince Yazakumar to make merit and to serve as a memorial to his mother. The name of the paya translates to “Jade Pagoda”. The famous Myazedi stone inscription that was discovered here is one display in a small building next to the pagoda.
The large gilded stupa & other structures
Flanking the stairs leading to the temple grounds are two large Chinthe’s, mythological lions often found guarding Burmese temples. The Myazedi pagoda and several other temple buildings stand on a large platform.
The Myazedi’s large gilded stupa is topped with a multi tiered ornamental spire called hti. The stupa sits on a number of square receding tiers. The first tier’s outer wall contains small ornamental niches topped with a golden hti spire in which are enshrined small images of the Buddha. The corners of the first and third tier are adorned with small ornamental spires, the second tiers’ corners contain lion statues.
Right behind the pagoda are two more structures, a bell shaped stupa on a square base and a small temple structure topped with several hti’s.
A small building next to the pagoda contains the famous Myazedi inscription, the oldest stone inscription in Burma, inscribed in 1113 by Yazakumar, son of King Kyanzittha and builder of the Myazedi. Prince Yazakumar dedicated the stone inscription to his father.
A large four sided stone is inscribed in four languages, ancient Pali, Mon, old Burmese and Pyu. Each side contains the same text in a different language, which allowed archeologists to decipher the previously unknown Pyu language. The Pyu inscription also shows the influence of the Pyu, the earliest inhabitants of upper Burma, in early Bagan history.
The stone inscription tells the storey of the Prince and his father. Yazakumar was the only son of King Kyanzittha and would therefore be in line to be the next King of Bagan. The King however, who was unaware of the fact that he had a son because he had left his pregnant wife, had already chosen Alaungsithu to be his successor to the throne. He therefore appointed Yazakumar governor of Arakan, an area on the Bay of Bengal.